Comment transmettre des cookies à HtmlAgilityPack ou WebClient?

c# cookies html-agility-pack httpwebrequest webclient

Question

J'utilise ce code pour me connecter:

CookieCollection cookies = new CookieCollection();
HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create("example.com");
request.CookieContainer = new CookieContainer();
request.CookieContainer.Add(cookies);
HttpWebResponse response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse();
cookies = response.Cookies;

string getUrl = "example.com";
string postData = String.Format("my parameters");
HttpWebRequest getRequest = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(getUrl);
getRequest.CookieContainer = new CookieContainer();
getRequest.CookieContainer.Add(cookies);
getRequest.Method = WebRequestMethods.Http.Post;
getRequest.UserAgent = "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.2; WOW64; rv:19.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/19.0";
getRequest.AllowWriteStreamBuffering = true;
getRequest.ProtocolVersion = HttpVersion.Version11;
getRequest.AllowAutoRedirect = true;
getRequest.ContentType = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded";

byte[] byteArray = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(postData);
getRequest.ContentLength = byteArray.Length;
Stream newStream = getRequest.GetRequestStream();
newStream.Write(byteArray, 0, byteArray.Length);
newStream.Close();

HttpWebResponse getResponse = (HttpWebResponse)getRequest.GetResponse();
using (StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(getResponse.GetResponseStream(), Encoding.GetEncoding("windows-1251")))
{
        doc.LoadHtml(sr.ReadToEnd());
        webBrowser1.DocumentText = doc.DocumentNode.OuterHtml;
}

alors je veux utiliser HtmlWeb (HtmlAgilityPack) ou Webclient pour analyser le code HTML en HTML (HtmlAgilityPack).

Mon problème est que quand j'utilise:

CookieCollection cookies = new CookieCollection();
HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create("example.com");
request.CookieContainer = new CookieContainer();
request.CookieContainer.Add(cookies);
HttpWebResponse response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse();
cookies = response.Cookies;

string getUrl = "example.com";
string postData = String.Format("my parameters");
HttpWebRequest getRequest = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(getUrl);
getRequest.CookieContainer = new CookieContainer();
getRequest.CookieContainer.Add(cookies);
getRequest.Method = WebRequestMethods.Http.Post;
getRequest.UserAgent = "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.2; WOW64; rv:19.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/19.0";
getRequest.AllowWriteStreamBuffering = true;
getRequest.ProtocolVersion = HttpVersion.Version11;
getRequest.AllowAutoRedirect = true;
getRequest.ContentType = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded";

byte[] byteArray = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(postData);
getRequest.ContentLength = byteArray.Length;
Stream newStream = getRequest.GetRequestStream();
newStream.Write(byteArray, 0, byteArray.Length);
newStream.Close();

HttpWebResponse getResponse = (HttpWebResponse)getRequest.GetResponse();
using (StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(getResponse.GetResponseStream(), Encoding.GetEncoding("windows-1251")))
{
        doc.LoadHtml(sr.ReadToEnd());
        webBrowser1.DocumentText = doc.DocumentNode.OuterHtml;
}

ou

CookieCollection cookies = new CookieCollection();
HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create("example.com");
request.CookieContainer = new CookieContainer();
request.CookieContainer.Add(cookies);
HttpWebResponse response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse();
cookies = response.Cookies;

string getUrl = "example.com";
string postData = String.Format("my parameters");
HttpWebRequest getRequest = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(getUrl);
getRequest.CookieContainer = new CookieContainer();
getRequest.CookieContainer.Add(cookies);
getRequest.Method = WebRequestMethods.Http.Post;
getRequest.UserAgent = "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.2; WOW64; rv:19.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/19.0";
getRequest.AllowWriteStreamBuffering = true;
getRequest.ProtocolVersion = HttpVersion.Version11;
getRequest.AllowAutoRedirect = true;
getRequest.ContentType = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded";

byte[] byteArray = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(postData);
getRequest.ContentLength = byteArray.Length;
Stream newStream = getRequest.GetRequestStream();
newStream.Write(byteArray, 0, byteArray.Length);
newStream.Close();

HttpWebResponse getResponse = (HttpWebResponse)getRequest.GetResponse();
using (StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(getResponse.GetResponseStream(), Encoding.GetEncoding("windows-1251")))
{
        doc.LoadHtml(sr.ReadToEnd());
        webBrowser1.DocumentText = doc.DocumentNode.OuterHtml;
}

L'identifiant disparaît donc je pense que je dois en quelque sorte passer les cookies .. Des suggestions?

Réponse acceptée

Vérifier les cookies HtmlAgilityPack.HtmlDocument

Voici un exemple de ce que vous recherchez (syntaxe non testée à 100%, je viens de modifier une classe que j'utilise habituellement) :

public class MyWebClient
{
    //The cookies will be here.
    private CookieContainer _cookies = new CookieContainer();

    //In case you need to clear the cookies
    public void ClearCookies() {
        _cookies = new CookieContainer();
    }

    public HtmlDocument GetPage(string url) {
        HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(url);
        request.Method = "GET";

        //Set more parameters here...
        //...

        //This is the important part.
        request.CookieContainer = _cookies;

        HttpWebResponse response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse();
        var stream = response.GetResponseStream();

        //When you get the response from the website, the cookies will be stored
        //automatically in "_cookies".

        using (var reader = new StreamReader(stream)) {
            string html = reader.ReadToEnd();
            var doc = new HtmlDocument();
            doc.LoadHtml(html);
            return doc;
        }
    }
}

Voici comment vous l'utilisez:

public class MyWebClient
{
    //The cookies will be here.
    private CookieContainer _cookies = new CookieContainer();

    //In case you need to clear the cookies
    public void ClearCookies() {
        _cookies = new CookieContainer();
    }

    public HtmlDocument GetPage(string url) {
        HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(url);
        request.Method = "GET";

        //Set more parameters here...
        //...

        //This is the important part.
        request.CookieContainer = _cookies;

        HttpWebResponse response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse();
        var stream = response.GetResponseStream();

        //When you get the response from the website, the cookies will be stored
        //automatically in "_cookies".

        using (var reader = new StreamReader(stream)) {
            string html = reader.ReadToEnd();
            var doc = new HtmlDocument();
            doc.LoadHtml(html);
            return doc;
        }
    }
}

Remarque: Si vous souhaitez également utiliser la méthode POST , créez une méthode similaire à GetPage avec la logique POST , refactorisez la classe, etc.


Réponse populaire

Voici quelques recommandations: Utilisation de CookieContainer avec la classe WebClient

Cependant, il est probablement juste plus facile de continuer à utiliser HttpWebRequest et de définir le cookie dans le CookieContainer :

Le code ressemble à ceci:

 // Create a HttpWebRequest
HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(getUrl);

// Create the cookie container and add a cookie
request.CookieContainer = new CookieContainer();

// Add all the cookies
foreach (Cookie cookie in response.Cookies)
{
    request.CookieContainer.Add(cookie);
}

La deuxième chose est que vous n'avez pas besoin de télécharger le site à nouveau, puisque vous l'avez déjà dans votre réponse Web et que vous l'enregistrez ici:

 // Create a HttpWebRequest
HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(getUrl);

// Create the cookie container and add a cookie
request.CookieContainer = new CookieContainer();

// Add all the cookies
foreach (Cookie cookie in response.Cookies)
{
    request.CookieContainer.Add(cookie);
}

Vous devriez être capable de prendre le HTML et de l’analyser avec le HTML Agility Pack:

 // Create a HttpWebRequest
HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(getUrl);

// Create the cookie container and add a cookie
request.CookieContainer = new CookieContainer();

// Add all the cookies
foreach (Cookie cookie in response.Cookies)
{
    request.CookieContainer.Add(cookie);
}

Et ça devrait le faire ... :)




Sous licence: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Non affilié à Stack Overflow
Est-ce KB légal? Oui, apprenez pourquoi
Sous licence: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Non affilié à Stack Overflow
Est-ce KB légal? Oui, apprenez pourquoi