NullReferenceException in HtmlAgilityPack

c# html-agility-pack

Question

I am trying to extract a link using xpath from the below mentioned url

string url = "http://www.album-cover-art.org/search.php?q=Ruin+-+Live+Album+Version+Lamb+of+God"

My code:

HtmlAgilityPack.HtmlWeb web = new HtmlAgilityPack.HtmlWeb();
HtmlAgilityPack.HtmlDocument htmlDoc = new HtmlAgilityPack.HtmlDocument();
htmlDoc = web.Load(url); //Exception generated here Line 23

if (htmlDoc.DocumentNode != null)
{
  HtmlNode linkNode = htmlDoc.DocumentNode.SelectSingleNode(".//*[@id='related_search_row']/img/@src");
  if (linkNode != null)
        Console.WriteLine(linkNode.InnerText);
}

The above code compiles fine but when I try to run it generates a exception

Unhandled Exception: System.NullReferenceException: Object reference not set to an instance of an object.

Complete stacktrace

System.NullReferenceException: Object reference not set to an instance of an object.
   at HtmlAgilityPack.HtmlDocument.ReadDocumentEncoding(HtmlNode node) in C:\Source\htmlagilitypack\Trunk\HtmlAgilityPack\HtmlDocument.cs:line 1916
   at HtmlAgilityPack.HtmlDocument.PushNodeEnd(Int32 index, Boolean close) in C:\Source\htmlagilitypack\Trunk\HtmlAgilityPack\HtmlDocument.cs:line 1805
   at HtmlAgilityPack.HtmlDocument.Parse() in C:\Source\htmlagilitypack\Trunk\HtmlAgilityPack\HtmlDocument.cs:line 1468
   at HtmlAgilityPack.HtmlDocument.Load(TextReader reader) in C:\Source\htmlagilitypack\Trunk\HtmlAgilityPack\HtmlDocument.cs:line 769
   at HtmlAgilityPack.HtmlWeb.Get(Uri uri, String method, String path, HtmlDocument doc, IWebProxy proxy, ICredentials creds) in C:\Source\htmlagilitypack\Trunk\HtmlAgilityPack\HtmlWeb.cs:line 1515
   at HtmlAgilityPack.HtmlWeb.LoadUrl(Uri uri, String method, WebProxy proxy, NetworkCredential creds) in C:\Source\htmlagilitypack\Trunk\HtmlAgilityPack\HtmlWeb.cs:line 1563
   at HtmlAgilityPack.HtmlWeb.Load(String url, String method) in C:\Source\htmlagilitypack\Trunk\HtmlAgilityPack\HtmlWeb.cs:line 1149
   at HtmlAgilityPack.HtmlWeb.Load(String url) in C:\Source\htmlagilitypack\Trunk\HtmlAgilityPack\HtmlWeb.cs:line 1107
   at ScreenScrapping.Program.Main(String[] args) in c:\Users\ranveer\csharp\ScreenScrapping\ScreenScrapping\Program.cs:line 23

So, my question is why I am getting this exception.

Accepted Answer

This is a bug in HtmlAgilityPack. The document you're trying to parse has <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-utf-8"> where the charset value (iso-utf-8) couldn't be parsed as a valid encoding name by AgilityPack. As Simon Mourier said, this is a bug introduced in 1.4.0.0.

To avoid this, manually load your document from a stream and set the encoding manually like this:

var htmlDoc = new HtmlDocument();
htmlDoc.OptionReadEncoding = false;
var request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(url);
request.Method = "GET";
using (var response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse())
{
    using (var stream = response.GetResponseStream())
    {
        htmlDoc.Load(stream, Encoding.UTF8);
    }
}



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Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
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Is this KB legal? Yes, learn why