How can i reuse cookies from HttpWebResponse to stay logged in on a web page?

c# cookies html-agility-pack httpwebrequest wpf

Question

I have a case with a simple application that browses to a XenForo Forum site, fetches cookies and further sends post data to login and fetch some information only available for logged in users.

I am able to successfully fetch the cookies and verify that i am successfully logged in the first time, but i cant seem to stay logged in when i try to "browse" further when trying to reuse the same cookies.

Here is what i got so far:

public MainWindow()
{
    InitializeComponent();
    if (IsLoggedIn())
    {
        GetPage("http://thesiteiloginto.org/someotherpage");
    }
}

// Store Cookies
CookieCollection Cookies;

void GetCookies(string cookieUrl)
{
    HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(cookieUrl);
    request.CookieContainer = new CookieContainer();
    HttpWebResponse response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse();
    using (Stream responseStream = response.GetResponseStream())
    {
        // Store Cookies
        Cookies = response.Cookies;
    }
}

bool IsLoggedIn()
{
    GetCookies(_cookieUrl);
    CookieCollection cookies = Cookies;
    HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(loginUrl);
    request.UserAgent = "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.2; .NET CLR 1.0.3705;)";
    request.CookieContainer = new CookieContainer();
    request.Method = "POST";
    request.ContentType = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded";
    string postData = "login=" + username +
                        "&password=" + password +
                        "&_xfToken=" + xfToken +
                        "&cookie_check=" + cookie_check +
                        "&redirect=" + redirect;
    byte[] bytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(postData);
    request.ContentLength = bytes.Length;
    if (cookies != null)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Cookies are present");
        Console.WriteLine(Cookies.Count);
        Console.WriteLine(Cookies[0].Value);
        request.CookieContainer.Add(cookies);
    }
    using (Stream requestStream = request.GetRequestStream())
    {
        requestStream.Write(bytes, 0, bytes.Length);
        WebResponse response = request.GetResponse();
        using (Stream stream = response.GetResponseStream())
        {
            using (StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(stream))
            {
                HtmlAgilityPack.HtmlDocument doc = new HtmlAgilityPack.HtmlDocument();
                doc.LoadHtml(reader.ReadToEnd());
                bool _loggedIn = false;
                try
                {
                    var uniqueNodeTest = doc.DocumentNode.SelectSingleNode("//*[@id=\"navigation\"]/div/nav/div/ul[2]/li[1]/a/strong[1]");
                    if (uniqueNodeTest.InnerText.Trim().ToLower() == uniqueNodeName)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("Logged in");
                        _loggedIn = true;
                    }
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Ops! [Login] @ SelectSingleNode\n" + ex.Message);
                    _loggedIn = false;
                }
                return _loggedIn;
            }
        }
    }
}

void GetPage(string url)
{
    if (Cookies != null)
    {
        HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(url);
        request.PreAuthenticate = true;
        request.UserAgent = "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.2; .NET CLR 1.0.3705;)";
        request.CookieContainer = new CookieContainer();
        request.CookieContainer.Add(Cookies);
        HttpWebResponse response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse();
        using (Stream responseStream = response.GetResponseStream())
        {
            using (StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(responseStream))
            {
                var pageSource = reader.ReadToEnd();

                // Retuns false, meaning i am not logged in
                //Where do i go from here?
                Console.WriteLine(pageSource.Contains("Log Out"));
            }
        }
    }
}

Console:

Cookies are present 1 22a6c5a4c5557a7f7db36f50a1d746f1 Logged in False

As you can see i am logged in after the first test, but i cant seem to stay logged in when trying to further browse reusing the cookies.

What am i not taking into consideration? How can i stay logged in to the site?

Accepted Answer

Use CookieContainer as class to store them locally.

When retrieving the response, put all your cookies into the CookieContainer. When preparing the request, just set the request.CookieContainer to your own object on the new call.

This is the code I used for saving my cookies in a project of mine. Since it's part of one fully decked out HttpSession class specifically meant for the kind of requests you're doing, you'll notice both the response and the cookie container are class variables.

/// <summary>
///     Fetches the new cookies and saves them in the cookie jar.
/// </summary>
private void SaveNewCookies()
{
    try
    {
        foreach (Cookie c in this.m_HttpWebResponse.Cookies)
        {
            if (c.Domain.Length > 0 && c.Domain[0] == '.')
                c.Domain = c.Domain.Remove(0, 1);
            this.m_CookieJar.Add(new Uri(this.m_HttpWebResponse.ResponseUri.Scheme + "://" + c.Domain), c);
        }
        if (this.m_HttpWebResponse.Cookies.Count > 0)
            this.BugFixCookieDomain(this.m_CookieJar);
    }
    catch
    {
        // no new cookies
    }
}

As you see, this contains some smaller bug fixes as well. The mentioned BugFixCookieDomain function is a fix specifically for the 3.5 framework, which you can find here, but if you've moved past that to 4.0 and beyond it won't be particularly useful to you.



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Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with Stack Overflow
Is this KB legal? Yes, learn why