HtmlAgilityPack XPath case ignoring

.net-2.0 c# case-sensitive html-agility-pack xpath

Question

When I use

SelectSingleNode("//meta[@name='keywords']")

it doesn't work, but when I use the same case that used in original document it works good:

SelectSingleNode("//meta[@name='Keywords']")

So the question is how can I set case ignoring?

Accepted Answer

If you need a more comprehensive solution, you can write an extension function for the XPath processor which will perform a case insensitive comparison. It is quite a bit of code, but you only write it once.

After implementing the extension you can write your query as follows

"//meta[@name[Extensions:CaseInsensitiveComparison('Keywords')]]"

Where Extensions:CaseInsensitiveComparison is the extension function implemented in the sample below.

NOTE: this is not well tested I just threw it together for this response so the error handling etc. is non-existent!

The following is the code for the custom XSLT Context which provides one or more extension functions

using System;
using System.Xml.XPath;
using System.Xml.Xsl;
using System.Xml;
using HtmlAgilityPack;

public class XsltCustomContext : XsltContext
{
  public const string NamespaceUri = "http://XsltCustomContext";

  public XsltCustomContext()
  {
  }

  public XsltCustomContext(NameTable nt) 
    : base(nt)
  {    
  }

  public override IXsltContextFunction ResolveFunction(string prefix, string name, XPathResultType[] ArgTypes)
  {
    // Check that the function prefix is for the correct namespace
    if (this.LookupNamespace(prefix) == NamespaceUri)
    {
      // Lookup the function and return the appropriate IXsltContextFunction implementation
      switch (name)
      {
        case "CaseInsensitiveComparison":
          return CaseInsensitiveComparison.Instance;
      }
    }

    return null;
  }

  public override IXsltContextVariable ResolveVariable(string prefix, string name)
  {
    return null;
  }

  public override int CompareDocument(string baseUri, string nextbaseUri)
  {
    return 0;
  }

  public override bool PreserveWhitespace(XPathNavigator node)
  {
    return false;
  }

  public override bool Whitespace
  {
    get { return true; }
  }

  // Class implementing the XSLT Function for Case Insensitive Comparison
  class CaseInsensitiveComparison : IXsltContextFunction
  {
    private static XPathResultType[] _argTypes = new XPathResultType[] { XPathResultType.String };
    private static CaseInsensitiveComparison _instance = new CaseInsensitiveComparison();

    public static CaseInsensitiveComparison Instance
    {
      get { return _instance; }
    }      

    #region IXsltContextFunction Members

    public XPathResultType[] ArgTypes
    {
      get { return _argTypes; }
    }

    public int Maxargs
    {
      get { return 1; }
    }

    public int Minargs
    {
      get { return 1; }
    }

    public XPathResultType ReturnType
    {
      get { return XPathResultType.Boolean; }
    }

    public object Invoke(XsltContext xsltContext, object[] args, XPathNavigator navigator)
    {                
      // Perform the function of comparing the current element to the string argument
      // NOTE: You should add some error checking here.
      string text = args[0] as string;
      return string.Equals(navigator.Value, text, StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase);        
    }
    #endregion
  }
}

You can then use the above extension function in your XPath queries, here is an example for our case

class Program
{
  static string html = "<html><meta name=\"keywords\" content=\"HTML, CSS, XML\" /></html>";

  static void Main(string[] args)
  {
    HtmlDocument doc = new HtmlDocument();
    doc.LoadHtml(html);

    XPathNavigator nav = doc.CreateNavigator();

    // Create the custom context and add the namespace to the context
    XsltCustomContext ctx = new XsltCustomContext(new NameTable());
    ctx.AddNamespace("Extensions", XsltCustomContext.NamespaceUri);

    // Build the XPath query using the new function
    XPathExpression xpath = 
      XPathExpression.Compile("//meta[@name[Extensions:CaseInsensitiveComparison('Keywords')]]");

    // Set the context for the XPath expression to the custom context containing the 
    // extensions
    xpath.SetContext(ctx);

    var element = nav.SelectSingleNode(xpath);

    // Now we have the element
  }
}

Popular Answer

If the actual value is an unknown case, I think you have to use translate. I believe it's:

SelectSingleNode("//meta[translate(@name,'ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ','abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz')='keywords']")

This is the hack, but it's the only option in XPath 1.0 (except the opposite to upper-case).




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Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with Stack Overflow
Is this KB legal? Yes, learn why