HtmlAgilityPack忽略XPath案例

.net-2.0 c# case-sensitive html-agility-pack xpath

我用的時候

SelectSingleNode("//meta[@name='keywords']")

它不起作用,但當我使用原始文檔中使用的相同案例時,它工作得很好:

SelectSingleNode("//meta[@name='Keywords']")

所以問題是如何設置忽略大小寫?

一般承認的答案

如果您需要更全面的解決方案,可以為XPath處理器編寫擴展函數,該函數將執行不區分大小寫的比較。這是相當多的代碼,但你只寫了一次。

實現擴展後,您可以按如下方式編寫查詢

"//meta[@name[Extensions:CaseInsensitiveComparison('Keywords')]]"

其中Extensions:CaseInsensitiveComparison是下面示例中實現的擴展函數。

注意:這個測試沒有經過充分測試我只是將它放在一起進行此響應,因此錯誤處理等不存在!

以下是提供一個或多個擴展功能的自定義XSLT上下文的代碼

using System;
using System.Xml.XPath;
using System.Xml.Xsl;
using System.Xml;
using HtmlAgilityPack;

public class XsltCustomContext : XsltContext
{
  public const string NamespaceUri = "http://XsltCustomContext";

  public XsltCustomContext()
  {
  }

  public XsltCustomContext(NameTable nt) 
    : base(nt)
  {    
  }

  public override IXsltContextFunction ResolveFunction(string prefix, string name, XPathResultType[] ArgTypes)
  {
    // Check that the function prefix is for the correct namespace
    if (this.LookupNamespace(prefix) == NamespaceUri)
    {
      // Lookup the function and return the appropriate IXsltContextFunction implementation
      switch (name)
      {
        case "CaseInsensitiveComparison":
          return CaseInsensitiveComparison.Instance;
      }
    }

    return null;
  }

  public override IXsltContextVariable ResolveVariable(string prefix, string name)
  {
    return null;
  }

  public override int CompareDocument(string baseUri, string nextbaseUri)
  {
    return 0;
  }

  public override bool PreserveWhitespace(XPathNavigator node)
  {
    return false;
  }

  public override bool Whitespace
  {
    get { return true; }
  }

  // Class implementing the XSLT Function for Case Insensitive Comparison
  class CaseInsensitiveComparison : IXsltContextFunction
  {
    private static XPathResultType[] _argTypes = new XPathResultType[] { XPathResultType.String };
    private static CaseInsensitiveComparison _instance = new CaseInsensitiveComparison();

    public static CaseInsensitiveComparison Instance
    {
      get { return _instance; }
    }      

    #region IXsltContextFunction Members

    public XPathResultType[] ArgTypes
    {
      get { return _argTypes; }
    }

    public int Maxargs
    {
      get { return 1; }
    }

    public int Minargs
    {
      get { return 1; }
    }

    public XPathResultType ReturnType
    {
      get { return XPathResultType.Boolean; }
    }

    public object Invoke(XsltContext xsltContext, object[] args, XPathNavigator navigator)
    {                
      // Perform the function of comparing the current element to the string argument
      // NOTE: You should add some error checking here.
      string text = args[0] as string;
      return string.Equals(navigator.Value, text, StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase);        
    }
    #endregion
  }
}

然後,您可以在XPath查詢中使用上述擴展函數,這是我們案例的示例

class Program
{
  static string html = "<html><meta name=\"keywords\" content=\"HTML, CSS, XML\" /></html>";

  static void Main(string[] args)
  {
    HtmlDocument doc = new HtmlDocument();
    doc.LoadHtml(html);

    XPathNavigator nav = doc.CreateNavigator();

    // Create the custom context and add the namespace to the context
    XsltCustomContext ctx = new XsltCustomContext(new NameTable());
    ctx.AddNamespace("Extensions", XsltCustomContext.NamespaceUri);

    // Build the XPath query using the new function
    XPathExpression xpath = 
      XPathExpression.Compile("//meta[@name[Extensions:CaseInsensitiveComparison('Keywords')]]");

    // Set the context for the XPath expression to the custom context containing the 
    // extensions
    xpath.SetContext(ctx);

    var element = nav.SelectSingleNode(xpath);

    // Now we have the element
  }
}

熱門答案

如果實際值是一個未知的情況,我認為你必須使用翻譯。我相信它是:

SelectSingleNode("//meta[translate(@name,'ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ','abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz')='keywords']")

這是hack,但它是XPath 1.0中的唯一選項(除了與大寫相反)。



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許可下: CC-BY-SA with attribution
不隸屬於 Stack Overflow
這個KB合法嗎? 是的,了解原因